American Defense Service Medal
|The American Defense Service Medal
is a decoration of the United States military, recognizing
service before America’s entry into the Second World War but
during the initial years of the European conflict.
The medal is authorized to military members who performed active
duty between September 8, 1939 and December 7, 1941. Members of
the United States Army received this medal for any length of
service during the eligibility period, provided that they were
on orders to active duty for a period of twelve months or
longer. The United States Navy excluded Reservists who were on
active duty for less than ten days, but otherwise the Navy,
United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard
awarded the medal to all personnel who served on active duty at
any time during the eligibility period (provided they passed
their initial physical examinations).