Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
|The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
is a service decoration of the Second World War which was
awarded to any member of the United States military who served
in the Pacific Theater from 1941 to 1945 and was created on
November 6, 1942 by Executive Order 9265 issued by President
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
There were 21 Army and 48 Navy/Marine official campaigns of the
Pacific Theater, denoted on the service ribbon by campaign
stars; some construction battalion units issued the medal with
award numerals. The arrowhead device is authorized for
those campaigns which involved amphibious assaults. The
Fleet Marine Force combat operation insignia is also authorized
for certain sailors. The flag colors of Japan and the
United States are visible in the ribbon.
The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal was first issued as a ribbon
in 1941. A full medal was authorized in 1947, the first of
which was presented to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.
The European Theater equivalent of the decoration was known as
the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal.